What is Black Fungus? Is it contagious? Here are its Causes, Symptoms, and Precautionary Measures.
Mucormycosis which is being addressed as black fungus, a rare but serious or severe infection that requires proper medication or sometimes a removal surgery.
SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 treatment makes the immune system vulnerable to other infections, like Black Fungus.
With the increasing number of Black Fungus cases, India faces two epidemics and a shortage of treatments.
India faces a high rate of COVID-19, with more than 27 million confirmed cases since January 2020. Also, the World Health Organization (WHO) recently said that the B.1.617 variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in India was a “variant of global concern.”
Some scientists believe that severe COVID-19 can weaken the body’s immune response. This can lead to increased vulnerability to other infections, especially for people with immunodeficiency.
What is a Black Fungus?
Currently, Black Fungi are considered to be different from Corona. This black bacterium infection is now common in patients suffering from diseases such as HIV / AIDS, uncontrolled diabetes, and true cancer. This is a simple fungal infection seen in the early stages, but its fatal consequences are short-lived.
If you have symptoms of black fungus, you should immediately contact an experienced doctor. Care must be taken to avoid this illness. You can suffer from this disease because you are exposed to fungal spores in the air. If not taken care of at the right time, these fungal spores can enter the body and damage the lungs.
Is Black Fungus Contagious?
Black fungus is not contagious and mostly people who come into contact with the fungus do not develop the infection. In other words, it does not spread from contact between humans and animals. However, it is said that it spreads from fungal spores that are present in the environment or in the air. This is almost impossible to avoid. However, people with significantly weakened immunity are at increased risk of Mucormycosis or Black Fungus.
Causes of Black Fungal Infections:
Black fungi are present almost everywhere in our daily lives. It is usually produced automatically on rotten soil, plants, fertilizers, fruits and vegetables. This infection is ubiquitous because it is common in the air and soil of black mold. This infection has also been confirmed in the mucus of healthy people.
In general, patients who are prone to black fungal infections are those who have recently been exterminated with coronavirus. You can get it for common things like dirt and deflated air.
There are reliable sources of various types of zygomycosis (now called Mucormycosis) , including nasal cerebrum (sinuses and brain), lungs, gastrointestinal, and skin (skin) zygomycosis.
- Respiratory-related symptoms include:
- Chest pain
- Congestion and pain in the nose or sinuses
- Skin-related symptoms can occur and spread in any part of the body, including:
- Darkened skin tissue
- Redness, swelling and tenderness
Explanation: Black fungal symptoms mainly show some of the common symptoms like excessive runny nose.
If you have an infection, you may experience swelling and pain in your eyes.
Some black fungal infections, Covid, also show eyelid loss and blurred vision.
Some patients also talked about their complete loss of vision.
According to Doctors, “ Patients consider these symptoms normal and come to the hospital late. The spread of eye infections can spread through the eyes to the brain, so some patients’ eyes also had to be surgically removed.
In some cases, both eyes of the patient had to be removed, and some jaws of the more infected patient had to be removed by compression. It is mainly found in black fungal infections after covid patients “.
Who are at a risk to get affected with Black Fungus?
This infection is more prone to the patients suffering with the following:
- Skin damage
Most Patients are about 35 years old in the normal age group. People who get infected with corona some time ago are more likely to get Black Fungus.
Treatment for Black Fungus:
Doctors can treat the infection either by giving some antifungal drugs or a surgery is performed to remove the affected area. Controlling diabetes is paramount, according to experts, reducing the use of steroid and discontinuing immunomodulators.
According to Government Recommendations, treatment includes the placement of peripherally inserted central venous catheters, maintenance of proper systemic hydration, intravenous infusion of normal saline prior to amphotericin B infusion, and at least 6 weeks of antifungal treatment. It is included. Detects the progression of the disease.
According to reliable sources at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Mucormycosis Or Black Fungus can be fatal and have a mortality rate of 54% if left untreated.
- Blood glucose levels should also be monitored after Covid discharge and in diabetics to prevent illness.
- Steroids should be used with caution at the right dose, time and duration.
- During oxygen therapy Clean sterile water should be used for humidifiers.
- It is said that antibiotics and antifungal medication should be used correctly.
According to the Advisory, the disease can be managed by controlling diabetes, discontinuing immunomodulators, reducing steroids, and performing extensive surgical debridement.
Effective tips for reducing the risk of getting mucormycosis:
There are some simple steps we can take to reduce the risk of getting mucormycosis.
- The first is to educate society about illness.
- Second: The air in hospitals, especially in critical care centers, should be sampled regularly to check for the presence of spores.
- Third: You need to make sure that the humidifier used during oxygen therapy is sterile.
- Fourth: It is advised to stay indoors to the patients who are recovering from covid, until they regain their natural immunity and strength.
- Fifth, patients engaged in agriculture and horticulture should be advised to dismiss until the storm subsides.
Health is not something we can buy. Follow all the precautionary measures, be careful , stay home, stay happy!!